Have you ever listened to and watched children playing? The child for a few minutes or hours have become shipwrecked, parents or police. As they seem absorbed in their games.
The objects that surround them sometimes turn into a telescope, sometimes sword. They play the main role of a story invented to measure, which leads them into an imaginary world.
Their sole purpose: having fun. But while having fun, looking for anything, these kids are doing a lot of learning.
They develop both their motor skills by manipulating objects necessary to play their intellect in order to keep the lounge cushions and blankets that will form their refuge, their language in describing the events and their sociability with respect for each role.
This is an example to show you that all activities of childhood as trivial they may seem to represent a game children. The game is part of their lives.
The toy? This can be any object found in the house or nature, provided it serves to support the game, it becomes a toy from when the child decides to use it well.
The best toys are those that offer more opportunities to play or leave room for imagination. And do not forget that the game should be source of pleasure.
It should be understood that the skills acquired we describe in chronological order but not necessarily a given age. The ages mentioned in this article are approximate and represent an average.
Do not be alarmed if your child shows a slight delay or shout if engineering is ahead. One reason could be against it is much more advanced in some aspects than others (champions puzzle but not able to ride on two wheels).
Different factors may influence the development of a child’s personal tastes, the stimulation of his surroundings, his rank in the family, his health, his ability to concentrate, etc.. Moreover, we can not put its energies everywhere at once.
The young baby gradually awakens to its environment through its senses. He needs to contact and physical play to develop harmoniously.
It should stimulate the senses with noisy toys, colorful, varied textures he can handle, shake and make up to her mouth.
At first he sees everything around him of lying. At three months he can track an object the eyes (mobile music). He looks at everything that moves, especially if the colors are very contrasting.
This is called the location of the object.
Gradually his grip is improving, five months he was able to grasp an object, to maintain and release him when he wishes (rattles). About eight months it may even make things between his thumb and forefinger.
At this age, you will often see a child again and repeat the same gestures simply to observe the effect.
Sitting in his high chair, he will launch his toy on the floor again and again until you accept to play with him and give him the object. It can also simply practice to improve its performance.
About eight months, his muscle tone allows him to remain seated. His vision of the world is changing perspective. It can more easily manipulate the toys you put in its scope (activity center).
Many acts of gross motor skills develop from this age: shaking, hitting, throwing, running, pushing, pulling, etc..
The creeping and crawling can open new horizons. This is the age of exploration and household drawers. What a pleasure to completely empty the cupboard of plastic dishes and then install it and play the cuckoo with Mom or Dad. Now he can roll a small car or stacking some blocks.
The greatest pleasure of course, is to make them fall.
The conquest of walking helps children to broaden its scope. He loves all the games which involve motor movements such as rocking, riding, pulling and pushing, moving, etc..
It must be encouraged with the play equipment which allows him to stand up and build walking (trotter). Once it has acquired a good balance, he will take pleasure in pulling or pushing a toy to him even if the object produces sounds fun.
During the following year, the child improves his coordination and develops muscular strength. Visits to the park to give him multiple opportunities to develop these skills and increase his muscle strength.
About two years, the maturation of the nervous system and muscles allow him to dance, climb, jump, run, tec. It can even ride soon. More gross motor will be well developed, the easier it is to master the fine motor movements.
Gradually, by dint of handling parts, the recessed the nest, stack, the child improves his dexterity.
He is preparing to perform actions involving smaller movements of the hand and fingers… A host of activities will improve dexterity and precision of action.
All exercises such as threading, drawing, cutting, manipulating the clay to prepare your child writing and may be undertaken at two years.
Several kindergarten teachers say that cutting is the least skill acquired when children enter school. Plus they have made such activities more they have the facility to run their pencil to trace the letters.
As the child develops physically, he was increasingly aware of his body and place it occupies in space. It is easy to see when you design a doll for children three to six years that they have different mental image of their body.
Gradually, they discover through exercise and awareness.
The lateral dominance is established about four years. From this age they will know if the child is right handed or left handed.
General physical qualities
Starting six years there has been an improvement in general physical qualities: endurance, strength, flexibility, rhythm, etc.. Children love to practice to excel in specific activities: rope skipping, ball games, cycling, jazz ballet, rollerblading, etc..
Some children develop a taste for certain sports: basketball, hockey, soccer, baseball, and want the equipment more sophisticated, while others prefer manual activities (crafts, drawing, crafts).